Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease. People with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance. In this situation, the body is not able to use insulin properly. Due to today's lifestyle, eating habits, and stress, most people are facing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is more common in middle-aged and older people, but in some cases, it can also affect children, adolescents, and young adults. To understand type 2 diabetes is divided into 4 levels.

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Today in this article you will know in detail about the 4 main levels of type 2 diabetes -

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  1. Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms
  2. 4 Levels of Type 2 Diabetes
  3. How to Control Type 2 Diabetes?
  4. Takeaway
Doctors for Levels of Type 2 Diabetes

When a person has diabetes, the blood sugar level becomes high. In such a situation, he has to face many symptoms and problems. Type 2 diabetes can have the worst effect on many parts of the body, but diabetes never happens suddenly. In the beginning, it produces normal symptoms, then gradually the problems increase. There are some symptoms of type 2 diabetes, which should not be ignored -

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When type 2 diabetes starts, symptoms like frequent urination, and weight loss can be seen. At the same time, as the blood sugar level in the body increases, the risk of type 2 diabetes starts increasing and takes a serious form. Type 2 diabetes starts slowly and then turns into a serious condition. In this case, it can be divided into 4 levels -

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First Level

The first level of type 2 diabetes is known as insulin resistance. Let us tell you that insulin is one of the most important hormones in our body. It is made by the pancreas. Insulin controls many body responses, but when the body is unable to use the insulin hormone properly, the condition is called insulin resistance.

In insulin resistance, the muscles, fat, and liver cells of the body become resistant to insulin i.e. do not work properly. Also, the insulin hormone cannot convert glucose into energy.

In this situation, the pancreas produces more insulin and can help keep blood sugar normal. The first level of type 2 diabetes initiates diabetes, but many people can prevent type 2 diabetes by controlling blood sugar at this level.

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Second Level

The second level of type 2 diabetes is known as prediabetes. At this level, the cells become insulin resistant and even the extra insulin produced by the pancreas is not enough to bring the blood sugar level back to normal. Beta cell dysfunction may also be present in some cases with the second level of type 2 diabetes.

In this phase, the blood sugar level remains higher than normal, but it can be normalized. This condition cannot be called diabetes. The second level of type 2 diabetes can be cured by proper diet, exercise, and avoiding sugar.

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Third Level

The third level of type 2 diabetes is the condition in which the blood sugar level remains higher than normal. This condition is known as diabetes. Blood sugar does not remain normal in this. Insulin resistance and beta cells both lead to high blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes. The third level of type 2 diabetes requires complete treatment. In this situation, diabetes medicines are started. If diabetes is not treated in this condition, long-term damage can be caused to the body.

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Fourth Level

The fourth level of type 2 diabetes can cause many serious complications. The blood sugar level is always high in this phase. Due to this, the heart and kidneys, etc. can be affected. Possible complications of type 2 diabetes are as follows -

This level is very serious and can badly affect the life of a person with type 2 diabetes. In this situation, the entire life and routine of the person can be affected. Because of this, he may also have to face tingling in the feet, etc.

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There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. Blood sugar levels can be kept under control only by taking medicines and making lifestyle changes -

  • Medications to treat type 2 diabetes may include insulin injections, amylinomimetic drugs, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. These medicines can help in keeping the blood sugar level under control.
  • Keeping cholesterol, blood pressure and heart health better can also keep type 2 diabetes under control.
  • People with type 2 diabetes should include fruitsvegetables, whole grains, and protein-rich foods in their diet.
  • Blood sugar can also be kept under control by avoiding sugar, salt, saturated fat, trans fat, etc.
  • At least 30 minutes or more exercise must be done daily. This can also cure diabetes.
  • Reducing obesitynot smoking, and avoiding stress can also help in controlling type 2 diabetes.

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Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease and stays with you for life. This disease does not happen all at once but comes in several levels. In the beginning, it is indicative and if it is not treated, it gradually increases, and then it becomes difficult to normalize. If you feel the initial symptoms of type 2 diabetes or you are at the level of prediabetes, then it is necessary to control these conditions, otherwise, you can become a diabetic patient.

(Read More - Ayurvedic medicine for Diabetes)

Dr. Narayanan N K

Dr. Narayanan N K

Endocrinology
16 Years of Experience

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

Endocrinology
15 Years of Experience

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

Endocrinology
23 Years of Experience

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

Endocrinology
19 Years of Experience

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