Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

January 07, 2019

March 06, 2020


What is a shock?

A person goes under a mental shock when he or she experiences some disturbing, frightening, or traumatic events like the loss of a loved one. A person who is in shock experiences long-term reactions like flashbacks, unpredictable emotions, and strained relationships.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of a shock are:

  • Loss of memory
  • Getting startled easily
  • Extreme alertness and looking for warnings of potential danger
  • Panic attacks
  • Difficulty in falling asleep
  • Feeling emotionally numb
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Anger
  • Depression
  • Disbelief
  • Confusion
  • Terrifying memories
  • Irritability
  • Nightmares
  • Mood swings
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Denial
  • Changes in coping ability
  • Visual images of the event

What are the main causes?

The main causes of a mental shock are:

  • Natural disasters
  • Domestic and workplace violence
  • Terrorism
  • Witnessing a death or other traumatic event
  • Imprisonment
  • Severe injury or illness

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A mental health doctor conducts a physical examination, refers the medical history and notes down the symptoms observed in the patient with shock.

The following treatments are used to treat mental shock:

  • Cognitive restructuring: This therapy helps people accept and forget the bad memories to ward off the feelings of shame and guilt.
  • Psychotherapy: Also known by the term talk therapy, psychotherapy includes multiple sessions that last from 6 to 12 weeks or longer. These sessions are conducted in the presence of a mental health provider. The support from friends and family received with the help of this therapy helps induce the feelings of trust, confidence and emotions in a person with shock.
  • Exposure therapy: This therapy helps people control their fears and worries. Writing and imagination are some of the tools used in this therapy.
  • Medications:
  • Antidepressants to control the symptoms of getting angry, worrying, feeling sad and emotional numbness
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Relaxation techniques: Techniques like breathing exercises, practising meditation and yoga, and following a routine of regular exercising provides mental relaxation and calmness to a person in mental shock.


  1. National Institute of Mental Health [Internet] Bethesda, MD; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland, United States
  2. American Psychological Association [internet] St. NE, Washington, DC. Trauma.
  3. Jonathan E. Sherin. Post-traumatic stress disorder: the neurobiological impact of psychological trauma. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2011 Sep; 13(3): 263–278. PMID: 22034143
  4. National Institute of Mental Health [Internet] Bethesda, MD; Treatments and Therapies. National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland, United States
  5. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Shock.

Medicines for Shock

Medicines listed below are available for Shock. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.