Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

January 05, 2019

March 06, 2020


What is sedation?

Sedation is a procedure that results in a suppressed conscious state, so as to perform certain painful manoeuvres or diagnostic tests that could make the patient uneasy or anxious otherwise.

Why is it done?

Sedation is done to calm a person before he or she undergoes certain medical or diagnostic procedures. It induces a state of sleepiness to help one rest during the procedure. Sedation is of two types, conscious sedation and deeper sedation. Conscious sedation is a moderate type of sedation which uses a combination of oral medications and is mainly done before any endoscopic procedure. Deeper sedation is used before surgical procedures. Heavy sedation is required in critical care unit to facilitate ventilation or endotracheal tub tolerance.

Who needs it?

Individuals in need of sedation are those undergoing any of the following procedures like

  • dental implants or dental filling
  • biopsies of organs such as breasts
  • minor surgeries like a foot fracture repair or skin implants
  • diagnostic procedures like an endoscopy or  T scan
  • elderly age group

How is it performed?

The healthcare provider must be informed if the individual is pregnant, lactating or taking any medications or supplements. Sedation procedure involves taking the drugs the doctor advises or which may be administered intravenously through injection.

Now, depending on the procedure sedation can be moderate in which there is drowsiness but the patient is able to talk or deep sedation that makes the individual sleepy, slows down the breathing but the patient remains conscious throughout the procedure and will have no memory of the procedure.

Oversedation can damage liver or kidneys. After the procedure, the sedative agent is slowly redistributed or tapered off and the patient slowly regains consciousness. Sedation is fairly a safe practice; however, the possible side effects are changes in the heart rate, slow breathing, headache or nausea. The individual can return to his normal activities and diet once discharged.


  1. Liu H, Waxman DA, Main R, Mattke S. Utilization of anesthesia services during outpatient endoscopies and colonoscopies and associated spending in 2003-2009. JAMA. 2012 Mar 21;307(11):1178-84. PMID: 22436958
  2. Predmore Z et al. Anesthesia Service Use During Outpatient Gastroenterology Procedures Continued to Increase From 2010 to 2013 and Potentially Discretionary Spending Remained High. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Feb;112(2):297-302. PMID: 27349340
  3. Otto S. Lin. Sedation for routine gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures: a review on efficacy, safety, efficiency, cost and satisfaction . Intest Res. 2017 Oct; 15(4): 456–466. PMID: 29142513
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Conscious sedation for surgical procedures
  5. U. S Food and Drug Association. [Internet]. FDA Drug Safety Communication: FDA review results in new warnings about using general anesthetics and sedation drugs in young children and pregnant women

Medicines for Sedation

Medicines listed below are available for Sedation. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.