An autoimmune disease is one in which the body's immune system attacks healthy cells of the body instead of attacking viruses, bacteria, or other microbes. There are many types of autoimmune diseases. This also includes autoimmune hepatitis. This disease occurs when the immune system starts attacking the liver cells themselves. In this situation, damage to liver cells starts.

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Today in this article, you will know in detail about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis -

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  1. What is autoimmune hepatitis?
  2. Autoimmune hepatitis symptoms
  3. Autoimmune hepatitis causes
  4. Autoimmune hepatitis treatment
  5. Takeaway
Doctors for Autoimmune Hepatitis - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic liver disease. This disease occurs when the body's immune system attacks the liver cells. It is a rare but serious disease. In some cases, autoimmune hepatitis can lead to liver cirrhosis or liver failure, but it is not contagious. Let us tell you that there are two types of autoimmune hepatitis type 1 and type 2 -

  • Type 1 is the most common type of autoimmune hepatitis. Although it can happen to people of any age, its cases are seen more in the youth. Let us tell you that more than half of the people who have type 1 autoimmune hepatitis have some autoimmune disorder.
  • More cases of type 2 autoimmune hepatitis are seen in children. This type of autoimmune hepatitis is very difficult to treat.

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Autoimmune hepatitis disease affects each person differently. Its symptoms can range from mild to severe. Symptoms of AIH start appearing when the liver begins to deteriorate. The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis are as follows -

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The exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is not clear. Autoimmune hepatitis occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells. In this situation, instead of attacking the virus, or bacteria, the immune system makes the liver cells its prey. Due to this, there is inflammation in the liver, which means that in autoimmune hepatitis, there can be serious damage to the liver cells. Apart from this, certain risk factors can also lead to autoimmune hepatitis -

Consume drugs

Although there is no known cause of this disease, in some cases autoimmune hepatitis can also be caused by taking certain medicines. In this case, the AIH may be related to the medicines.

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If someone's parents or grandparents have autoimmune hepatitis disease, then there is a possibility of getting this disease in them too. In this situation, this disease can be inherited from one's parents or grandparents.

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To women

Although autoimmune hepatitis can develop in both men and women, women are more prone to AIH. Therefore, if someone in the family has this disease, then he needs to take more care of himself.

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Autoimmune diseases

People who already have an autoimmune disease are more likely to develop autoimmune hepatitis. Diseases like celiac diseaserheumatoid arthritis, and hyperthyroidism can increase the risk of autoimmune hepatitis.

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Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic disease. There is no cure for this disease, but its symptoms can be prevented from increasing through some medicines. Along with this, treating AIH can help to some extent in healing the liver. Commonly used medicines for the treatment of AIH are -

Immunosuppressant drugs

Immunosuppressant medicines can prove effective in treating autoimmune hepatitis. These medicines can prevent the immune system from attacking the liver. To treat this disease, common immunosuppressant medicines like 6-mercaptopurine and azathioprine can be taken. Taking these medicines can give the body the ability to fight infection.

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Corticosteroid medications

Corticosteroid medicines can also treat autoimmune hepatitis. These medicines can reduce the inflammation of the liver. Also prevents the immune system from attacking the liver. Oral prednisone corticosteroid is used for AIH. Doctors may recommend taking this medicine for at least 18 to 24 months in case of autoimmune hepatitis, but people with diabeteshigh blood pressureobesity, and osteoporosis may have some side effects from this medicine.

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Liver transplant

When the case of autoimmune hepatitis becomes severe, a liver transplant may be required in this condition. During this procedure, the liver is completely removed. A new liver is then transplanted, but even after a successful liver transplant, the person is still at risk of getting autoimmune hepatitis again.

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Most hepatitis is caused by a virus, but autoimmune hepatitis is not caused by a virus but occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells. This damages liver cells. The reason why this happens is not yet clear. Because of this, liver cirrhosis or liver failure can occur. This disease is seen more in women than in men. This disease is very serious. Therefore, if anyone sees any symptoms of this, consult a doctor immediately.

(Read More - What Medications Causes Liver Damage)

Dr. Murugan N

Dr. Murugan N

18 Years of Experience

Dr. Ashwin P Vinod

Dr. Ashwin P Vinod

5 Years of Experience

Dr. Rathod Bhupesh

Dr. Rathod Bhupesh

6 Years of Experience

Dr. Datta Sawangikar

Dr. Datta Sawangikar

3 Years of Experience

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