According to a study by the American Heart Association (AHA), people with insomnia have a higher risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke. AHA researchers included nearly 1.3 million people, both healthy and those with heart disease, in this research. During this, researchers identified those people based on genes who could be vulnerable to insomnia.

Susanne Larsson, assistant professor of cardiovascular and nutritional epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, and lead author of the study, said that 'understanding the main causes of insomnia can be treated and improved health. This study by Larsen et al was published in "Genetic Liability to Insomnia and Cardiovascular Disease".

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  1. Status of Insomnia in India
  2. Sleep and heart health
  3. Good sleep tips
  4. Takeaway
Doctors for Does insomnia cause heart problems?

In May 2017, a study was conducted at a hospital in Kolkata, involving a total of 390 participants. The 28-day study found that nearly 45% of adults in India suffer from some form of insomnia. In addition, a study on the prevalence of chronic insomnia in a Kolkata hospital also found associations between heart disease and insomnia, diabetes, and insomnia, and high BP and insomnia.

At present, about 272 people per 100,000 may die due to heart disease in India. Globally, this figure is about 235 per 100,000 people. Understanding the causes of heart disease as well as multimorbidity (a person having more than one disease) can help doctors find better treatment options.

(Read More - How Does Heart Disease Affect the Body)

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About 10 to 30 percent of people in the world suffer from insomnia. In this disease, there is a problem of not getting sleep, as well as if you get to sleep, then due to some reason you wake up in the night. In this situation, the person has difficulty sleeping again. In some cases of insomnia, the person sleeps for a short period.

Scientists believe that the body needs at least 7 hours of sleep every day to stay healthy. If you do not get enough sleep, it can lead to headaches, anger, lethargy, lack of concentration, and irritability, while in some severe cases, it can also lead to heart disease. Larsen has stated in one of his interviews that "Sleep can be improved by good habits and controlling stress.

Some people may have problems with insomnia due to everyday stress. This problem also arises because of thinking too much or because something or the other is going on in the mind. Apart from these psychological reasons, sinusitis, hyperthyroidism, and gastroesophageal reflux disease can also cause sleepless nights.

(Read More - Home remedies for heart disease)

Here are some methods that people suffering from insomnia should follow –

  • Fix a fixed time to sleep. Try to get at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep
  • Do not consume alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine at night
  • Avoid sleeping during the day or else there may be trouble sleeping at night
  • The bed should be comfortable
  • Turn off the lights before sleeping
  • Sleep away from noisy places as much as possible
  • Avoid eating or drinking too much before bed
  • Daily exercise is beneficial
  • Don't use your phone right before bed
  • Meditate and do yoga to reduce stress
  • If you still have trouble sleeping, see a doctor

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Insomnia is not being able to sleep properly at night, coming less or not at all. Insomnia can lead to many health problems, including heart disease and this has been proved in scientific research. Insomnia, along with heart disease, diabetes, and high BP can also be a problem. Hence, there is a need to get enough sleep at night.

(Read More - Foods For Heart Health)

Dr. Farhan Shikoh

Dr. Farhan Shikoh

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Dr. Amit Singh

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